International Solar Alliance (ISA)

International Solar Alliance (ISA ) is conceived as a coalition of solar resource rich countrieslying fully or partially between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn to address their special energy needs and will provide a platform to collaborate on addressing the identified gaps through a common, agreed approach.ISA has been envisioned as a specialized platform and will contribute towards the common goal of increasing utilization and promotion of solar energy and solar applications in its member countries. The Paris declaration on International Solar Alliance states that the countries share the collective ambition to undertake innovative and concerted efforts for reducing the cost of finance and cost of technology for immediate deployment of competitive solar generation, financial instruments to mobilise more than 1000 Billion US Dollars of investments needed by 2030 for the massive deployment of affordable solar energy and to pave the way for future solar generation, storage and good technologies for countries’ individual needs.
ISA will work with partner countries in the identification of national opportunities to accelerate development and deployment of existing clean solar energy technologies, the potential for which largely remains untapped. The increased deployment of solar technologies will benefit the countries in terms of direct and indirect employment opportunities generated and the economic activity that will be triggered through electricity and solar appliance access to predominantly rural households. Across developing countries, it is mostly micro, small and medium enterprises that generate most of the economic activity and are the ones that benefit the most from electricity access, as they will be able to operate into the evening and increasetheir turnover. Increased deployment will also go a long way in realizing social benefits, for example through solar lanterns that improve educational outcomes from increased study hours, and lead to better health service delivery levels across communities. If a rural primary health clinic has solar lights, it is more likely to be staffed after dark, and therefore it is also more likely to be visited by those who need its services.
Mission & Vision
ISA’s Mission and Vision is to provide a platform for cooperation among solar resource rich countries where global community including bilateral and multilateral organizations, corporates, industry, and stakeholders can make a positive contribution to the common goals of increasing utilizing of solar energy in meeting energy needs of ISA member countries in a safe, convenient, affordable, equitable and sustainable manner
Objectives
The overarching objective is to create a collaborative platform for increased deployment of solar energy technologies to enhance energy security & sustainable development; improve access to energy and opportunities for better livelihoods in rural and remote areas and to increase the standard of living.
ISA Focus Area
To achieve the objectives, ISA will have five key focus areas:-
a. Promote solar technologies and investment in the solar sector to enhance income generation for the poor and global environment: Encourage member countries to promote investment in solar technologies/applications in areas of lighting, heating, cooling, distillation, desalination, disinfection, sterilization, pasteurization, pumping, storage, refrigeration, telecommunication, irrigation, drinking water supply, energy efficiency, etc. to promote income and welfare of the poor and make global environment more climate friendly;
b. Formulate projects and programmes to promote solar applications: Together and with partnership of member countries and with cooperation from international organizations, UN member countries, multilaterals, bi-laterals, corporates, non-profits, institutions of member and non-member countries of ISA, formulate projects and programmes to ensure solar light for energy deprived households by the year 2022;
c. Develop innovative Financial Mechanisms to reduce cost of capital: Partnering to develop innovative financial mechanism to access low cost, long tenure financial resources from bilateral, multilateral agencies and other sources;
d. Build a common Knowledge e-Portal: Build a knowledge platform, including a 24×7 e-portal for sharing of policy development experiences and best practices in member countries; and
e. Facilitate capacity building for promotion and absorption of solar technologies and R&D among member countries: Promote partnerships among R&D centres of member countries for application oriented research & development and delivering technologies to people as well as capacity building through training & educational programmes and exchange of officials/ entrepreneurs/sector experts/ students/interns/ apprentices, user groups etc.
These focus areas will cater to not just grid connected solar power (Solar parks, Solar thermal projects, Rooftop solar projects, Canal top projects, Solar on water bodies, Farmers and unemployed youths as generators) but also off-grid and decentralised applications (Village electrification and mini-grids, Solar lanterns, Mobile chargers, Solar powered telecom towers, Milk chilling centres, Potters wheels, Solar spinner for weavers, street lights, Solar pumps, Solar heating/cooling, etc.). These activities will contribute significantly in employment generation in a decentralized manner at the local levels, and also in spurring economic activities.
Important Activities
To achieve the above overarching objectives, ISA, by way of supplementing the national efforts of the member countries, through appropriate means will undertake following activities:-
i. Collaborations for joint research, development and demonstration, sharing information and knowledge, capacity building, supporting technology hubs and creating networks; ii. Acquisition, diffusion and indigenization and absorption of knowledge, technology and skills by local stakeholders in the member countries;
iii. Creation of expert groups for development of common standards, test, monitoring and verification protocols;
iv. Creation of partnerships among country specific technology centres for supporting technology absorption for promoting energy security and energy access; v. Exchange of officials/ technology specialists for participation in the training programmes on different aspects of solar energy in the member countries;
Exchange of officials/ technology specialists for participation in the training programmes on different aspects of solar energy in the member countries;
vi. Encourage companies in the member countries to set up joint ventures;
vii. Sharing of solar energy development experiences, analysis on short- and longer-term issues in key energy supply, financing practices, business models particularly for decentralized applications and off-grid applications, including creation of local platforms focusing on implementation solutions and grass root participation;
viii. Establish new financial mechanisms to reduce cost of capital in the renewable energy sector and innovative financing to develop; and
ix. Collaborate with other multilateral bodies like International Renewable Energy Agency(IRENA), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), International Energy Agency (IEA), Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN), United Nations bodies; bilateral organizations; Corporates, industry, and other stakeholders can contribute towards the goal of increasing utilization of solar energy in ISA member countries.
Governance Structure
ISA is proposed to be a multi country partnership organization with membership from solar resource rich countries between the two tropics.
ISA’s proposed governance structure would consist of an Assembly, a Council and a Secretariat. However, it will be subject to member countries’ deliberations and suggestions. The Assembly will provide guidance, direction and advice to the Secretariat for undertaking the activities. ISA’s detailed statute will be developed in consultation with member countries.
ISA Secretariat
Government of India (GoI) will support ISA by hosting its Secretariat for an initial period of five years and thereafter it is expected to generate its own resources and become self-financing.
Financial Sustainability
The total Government of India support including putting normative cost of the land will be about Rs 400 crore (US$ 62 million).2 Government of India support of Rs 175 crore(US$ 27 million) will be utilized for creating building infrastructure and recurring expenditure. It will be provided over a 5 year period from 2016-17 to 2020-21. The recurring expenditure on ISA will be met from membership fee; contributions from bilateral and multilateral agencies; other appropriate institutions; and also from interest earned from the augmented corpus to be built up with contribution from bilateral, multilateral agencies andother appropriate institutions. Until another building is constructed, ISA will also use the newly built “Surya Bhawan” [Sun House] for its operations.

LIST OF PROSPECTIVE MEMBER COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES FOR ISA
1. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
2. Antigua and Barbuda
3. Republic of Angola
4. Argentina Republic
5. Commonwealth of Australia
6. Commonwealth of Bahamas
7. Peoples Republic of Bangladesh
8. Barbados
9. Belize
10. Republic of Benin
11. Pluri’National State of Bolivia
12. Republic of Botswana.
13. Federal Republic of Brazil
14. Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace
15. Burkina Faso
16. Republic of Burundi
17. Kingdom of Cambodia
18. Republic of Cameroon
19. Republic of Cape Verde
20. Central African Republic
21. Republic of Chad
22. Republic of Chile
23. People’s Republic of China
24. Republic of Colombia
25. Union of Comoros
26. Congo – Democratic Republic of
27. Congo – Republic of
28. New Zealand
29. Republic of Costa Rica
30. Republic of Cote d’ivoire
31. Republic of Cuba
32. Republic of Djibouti
33. Commonwealth of Dominica
34. Dominican Republic
35. Republic of Ecuador
36. Arab Republic of Egypt
37. Republic of El Salvador
38. Republic of Equatorial Guinea
39. State of Eritrea
40. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
41. Republic of Fiji
42. France
43. Gabonese Republic
44. Republic of The Gambia
45. Republic of Ghana
46. Republic of Grenada
47. Republic of Guatemala
48. Republic of Guinea
49. Republic of Guinea-Bissau
50. Republic of Guyana
51. Republic of Haiti
52. Republic of Honduras
53. Republic of India
54. Republic of Indonesia
55. Jamaica
56. Japan
57. Republic of Kenya
58. Republic of Kiribati
59. Laos People’s Democratic Republic
60. Republic of Liberia
61. Libya
62. Republic of Madagascar
63. Republic of Malawi
64. Federation of Malaysia
65. Republic of Maldives
66. Republic of Mali
67. Republic of Marshall Islands
68. Islamic Republic of Mauritania
69. Republic of Mauritius
70. United Mexican State
71. Federated States of Micronesia
72. Republic of Mozambique
73. Republic of Myanmar
74. Republic of Namibia
75. Republic of Nauru
76. The Netherlands
77. Republic of Nicaragua
78. Republic of Niger
79. Federal Republic of Nigeria
80. Sultanate of Oman
81. Republic of Palau
82. Republic of Panama
83. Independent State of Papua New Guinea
84. Republic of Paraguay
85. Republic of Peru
86. Republic of Philippines
87. Republic of Rwanda
88. St. Lucia
89. Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
90. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
91. Independent State of Samoa
92. Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
93. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
94. Republic of Senegal
95. Republic of Seychelles
96. Republic of Sierra Leone
97. Republic of Singapore
98. Solomon Islands
99. Federal Republic of Somalia
100. Republic of South Africa
101. Republic of South Sudan
102. Democratic Socialist Republic of Srilanka
103. Republic of Sudan
104. Republic of Suriname
105. United Republic of Tanzania
106. Kingdom of Thailand
107. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
108. Togolese Republic
109. Kingdom of Tonga
110. Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
111. Tuvalu
112. Republic of Uganda
113. United Arab Emirates
114. United Kingdom
115. United States of America
116. Republic of Vanuatu
117. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
118. Socialist Republic of Vietnam
119. Republic of Yemen
120. Republic of Zambia
121. Republic of Zimbabwe
_ courtesy PIB

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